Kanagawa Prefecture (Kanagawa-ken) is a prefecture located in southern Kanto region of Japan. The capital is Yokohama. Kanagawa is part of the Greater Tokyo Area.
Kanagawa is a relatively small prefecture located at the southeastern corner of the Kanto Plain wedged between Tokyo on the north, the foothills of Mount Fuji on the northwest, and the Sagami Bay and Tokyo Bay on the south and east. The eastern side of the prefecture is relatively flat and heavily urbanized, including the large port cities of Yokohama and Kawasaki.
The southeastern area nearby the Miura Peninsula is less urbanized, with the ancient city of Kamakura drawing tourists to temples and shrines. The western part, bordered by Yamanashi Prefecture and Shizuoka Prefecture on the west, is more mountainous and includes resort areas like Odawara and Hakone. The area, stretching 80 kilometres (50 mi) from west to east and 60 kilometres (37 mi) from north to south, contains 2,400 square kilometres (930 sq mi) of land, accounting for 0.64% of the total land area of Japan.
As of 1 April 2012, 23% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Fuji-Hakone-Izu National Park; Tanzawa-Oyama Quasi-National Park; and Jinba Sagamiko, Manazuru Hanto, Okuyugawara, and Tanzawa-Oyama Prefectural Natural Parks.
Nineteen cities are located in Kanagawa Prefecture :
-Festivals and events
Tama River Firework event
Yokohama Port Anniversary Festival (June)
Kamakura Festival (April)
Hiratsuka Tanabata Festival (July)
Odawara Hojo Godai Festival (May)
Yugawara Kifune Festival (July)
Yokohama, officially the City of Yokohama, is the second largest city in Japan by population after Tokyo, and most populous municipality of Japan. It is the capital city of Kanagawa Prefecture. It lies on Tokyo Bay, south of Tokyo, in the Kanto region of the main island of Honshu. It is a major commercial hub of the Greater Tokyo Area.
SeaportYokohama is the world's 31st largest seaport in terms of total cargo volume, at 121,326 freight tons as of 2011, and is ranked 37th in terms of TEUs (Twenty-foot equivalent units).
TransportYokohama is serviced by the Tokaido Shinkansen, a high-speed rail line with a stop at Shin-Yokohama Station. Yokohama Station is also a major station, with two million passengers daily. The Yokohama Municipal Subway provides metro services.
Places of interestThe historic downtown port district, location of the first foreign settlement, is known as Kannai. Next to the waterfront Yamashita Park is the museum ship, Hikawa Maru, and the Yokohama Marine Tower, the tallest inland lighthouse in the world. Further inland lies Yokohama Chinatown, the largest Chinatown in Japan and one of the largest in the world. Nearby is Yokohama Stadium, the Silk Center, and the Yokohama Doll Museum. The Isezakicho and Noge areas offer many colourful shops and bars that, with their restaurants and stores catering to residents from China, Thailand, South Korea, and other countries, have an increasingly international flavour.
The small but fashionable Motomachi shopping area leads up to Yamate, or "The Bluff" as it used to be known, a 19th/early 20th century Westerners' settlement overlooking the harbour, scattered with foreigners' mansions. A foreigners' cemetery and the Harbour View Park (Minato no mieru oka koen) is in the area. Within the park are a rose garden and the Kanagawa Museum of Modern Literature.
There are various points of interest in the futuristic Minato Mirai 21 harbourside redevelopment. The highlights are the Landmark Tower which was the tallest building in Japan (until surpassed by the Tokyo Skytree), Queen's Square Yokohama (a shopping mall) and the Cosmo Clock 21, which was the tallest Ferris wheel in the world when it was built in 1989 and which also doubles as "the world's biggest clock".
The Shin-Yokohama district, where the Shinkansen station is located, is some distance away from the harbour area, and features the 17,000 capacity Yokohama Arena, the Shin-Yokohama Raumen Museum, and Nissan Stadium, known as the International Stadium Yokohama when it was the setting for the final for the 2002 FIFA World Cup.
The city is home to the Central League baseball team, the Yokohama BayStars, and the soccer teams, Yokohama F. Marinos and Yokohama F.C.
Sankei-en is a traditional Japanese-style garden in Naka Ward. Designed by businessman Tomitaro Hara, it contains seventeen old buildings brought from all over Japan, ten of which have been declared Important National Cultural Properties.
Keio University - Shin Kawasaki Campus
Meiji University - Ikuta Campus
Senshu University - Ikuta Campus
Japan Women's University
Showa University of Music
Den-en Chofu University - Aso Ward
Nippon Medical School
St. Marianna University, School of Medicine - Miyamae
Japan Cinema School
Tokyo City University - Aso Ward
Tokyo Institute of Technology - Suzukakedai
Tokyo University of the Arts - Naka Ward
Yokohama National University - Hodogaya
Yokohama City University - Kanazawa Ward
Kanagawa University - Kanagawa Ward
Kanto Gakuin University - Kanazawa Ward
Toin University of Yokohama - Aoba Ward
Tsurumi University - Tsurumi Ward
Yokohama College of Commerce - Tsurumi Ward
Yokohama College of Pharmacy - Totsuka Ward
Keio University - Hiyoshi Campus
Tokyo City University - Tsuzuki Ward
Meiji Gakuin University - Totsuka Ward
Nippon Sport Science University - Aoba Ward
Toyo Eiwa University - Midori Ward
Kokugakuin University - Tama Plaza
Senzoku Gakuen College of Music
Aoyama Gakuin University
Sagami Women's University
Joshi University of Art and Design